Chronology of Milestone Events in Particle Physics - BARNES 1964E
Chronology of Milestone Events in Particle Physics


Barnes, V.E. et al.
Confirmation of the Existence of the Hyperon
Phys. Lett. 12 (1964) 134;

Reprinted in
(translation into Russian) Usp. Fiz. Nauk 85 (1965) 523.

In a recent publication we have reported evidence for the existence of a new negatively charged hyperon with strangeness S = -3, and mass M = 1686 12 MeV/c2 which decayed weakly into a o and . This particle was identified with the predicted by the Unitary Symmetry scheme of strong interactions proposed by Gell-Mann and Ne'eman. In this model, based on the 8 dimensional representation of SU(3), the strongly interacting particles are identified with the basis vectors of the irreducible representations in the direct product 8 x 8. Each representation consists of states with the same spin-parity; the hypercharge and I3 (third component of isospin) quantum numbers serve as labels of the states within the representation. One such representation is the 10 dimensional representation, nine of whose members are associated with the well known resonances N*3/2, Y*1, *1/2 (all with spin-parity JP = 3/2+). The tenth member, the , is predicted to be a negatively charged isosinglet with strangeness minus three and the same spin-parity as the other numbers of the multiplet, namely 3/2+. Also, the mass is predicted to be 1676 MeV/c2 by the Gell-Mann-Okubo mass formula. In this letter we wish to report what we believe to be a second example of the production and decay of an , in this case the decaying into a o and K. (Extracted from the introductory part of the paper.).

Accelerator BNL Detectors HBC-80IN

Related references
More (earlier) information appears in
V. E. Barnes et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 12 (1964) 204;
See also
M. Gell-Mann, Phys. Rev. 125 (1962) 1067;
S. Okubo, Progr. of Theor. Phys. 27 (1962) 949;
Y. Ne'eman, Nucl. Phys. 26 (1961) 222;
Analyse data from
Y. Eisenberg, Phys. Rev. 96 (1954) 541;

Experiment comments
120000 pictures. Second event with characteristic decay found.

  K p K+ Ko 5 GeV (Plab) p, angp
  p p
  Ko + p
  K p
  K + 2 p

Particles studied
  ex, mass, qn, w

Record comments
Confirmation of the hyperon.
  New Comments List of Comments