Discovery of a new formula for the energy spectrum of the black body radiation, Planck's radiation law.
Quantum hypothesis and explanation of the black body radiation spectrum. Beginnings of the quantum era in physics.
Quantum hypothesis and final version of Planck's formula for the black body radiation spectrum.
First experimental evidence for pressure of the light on the solid bodies.
Observation that rays are the flow of doubly positive charged particles.
Introduction of the relativity principle as an overall law of nature valid for all forces including the gravitational one. Formulation of the equation of the relativistic mechanics and transformation laws for electromagnetic field and current. Establishing of the Lorentz group as a symmetry group of nature. First proposal to modify Newtonian theory of gravity on the basis of the relativity principle. Prediction of the gravitational waves propagating with the speed of light.
Explanation of the photoelectric effect with use of the quantum hypothesis of Planck. Light is a flow of corpuscular objects with definite energies - Planck's quanta of energy.
Invention of the theory of special relativity. Beginnings of the relativistic era in physics.
Invention of the theory of special relativity, E = mc2. Beginnings of the relativistic era in physics.
Corpuscular-wave dualism for photons. Explanation of the photoelectric effect using the quantum hypothesis of Planck.
First explicit identification of the photon as a genuine elementary particle possessing both energy and momentum.
First conclusive measurement of the charge of the electron.
Evidence for the atomic nucleus. Rutherford model for atomic structure.
Conclusive evidence for the cosmic rays.
Invention of the cloud chamber to visualize tracks of ionizing particles.
Landau distribution for fast particle energy loss by ionization.
Limitation of the maximal energy attainable in a betatron.
Invention of the principle of phase stability for accelerators.
Gamow indication on the possibility to explain the observed chemical elements abundance-curve by assumption of unequilibrium process of elements formation during a limited interval of time. Birth of the Big Bang model.
Confirmation of the existence of the KL.
Proposals to test spatial parity conservation in weak interactions.
First evidence for the antineutron.
Invention of G-parity for nonstrange mesons.
Development of the renormalization group method in quantum field theory.
Generalization of the renormalization group equations in QED for arbitrary covariant gauge.
Gell-Mann classification of strange particles with prediction of o and o.
Derivation of dispersion relations in field theory for pion nucleon forward scattering amplitude.
Formulation of the Bogolyubov axiomatic approach to the local quantum field theory. Derivation of dispersion relations in field theory for pion nucleon scattering amplitude, general case.
Invention of composite model for hadrons based on three basic elements.
Indication of the possibility of charge conjugation violation in weak interactions.
Confirmation of the existence of the o hyperon. First measurement of the o mass.
Postulation of 5 invariance for the weak interaction Lagrangian. Two-component theory of neutrino.
Confirmation of antiproton-nucleon annihilation.
First evidence for parity nonconservation in weak decays.
Confirmation of parity violation in weak decays. Evidence of charge conjugation parity violation in weak interactions. Measurement of the magnetic moment.
Generalization of Regge asymptotics for relativistic scattering amplitudes.
First evidence for the (1405 S01) resonance.
Introduction of the SU(3) octet structure of the known mesons and baryons.
Confirmation of the existence of the meson.
Invention of equivalence of elementary hadrons and hadronic resonances on the basis of Regge trajectories. Invention of the Chew-Frautschi plot to classify hadrons. Invention of the vacuum pomeron trajectory.
First evidence for the meson. Confirmation of the meson.
First introduction of the neutral intermediate boson.
AGS STAFF 1961
AGS (30 GeV) at BNL - the first strong focusing proton synchrotron.
First observation of the + beta decay. First direct experimental evidence for the validity of the CVC hypothesis.
First evidence for + pair production.
Confirmation of the existence of the +.
First evidence for the . Evidence for more than one kind of neutrinos.
Introduction of the SU(3) singlet-octet structure of the known mesons and octet-decuplet structure for the baryons. Prediction of the hyperon.
First evidence for the (1530 P13) resonance.
Confirmation of the existence and evidence for spin zero of the meson.
Confirmation of the existence of the (1530 P13) resonance. First evidence for the resonance.
Determination of the spin of the K*(892) resonance to be 1.
Application of Regge poles to resonances and particles.
Conditions for renormalizability of general gauge theories of massive vector mesons.
Invention of the multiperipheral model to analyze a few and many body hadronic reactions. Demonstration that multiperipheral model is capable to predict qualitatively the general features of elastic scattering, inelastic particles spectra, and topological cross sections.
Perturbative and general proofs of the Goldstone theorem.
Proposal for scaling behavior of the inclusive spectra of produced hadrons. Birth of the partonic picture of hadron collisions. Precise formulation of exclusive and inclusive experiments dichotomy.
First conclusive evidence for scale invariance in hadronic inclusive experiments.
Experimental evidence for the increasing diffraction slope parameter.
Confirmation of the antimatter production in hadron nucleus collisions.
Explanation of Bjorken scaling with use of the parton model.
Introduction of lepton-quark symmetry, proposal of a fourth (charmed) quark.
Confirmation of scale invariance phenomena in hadronic inclusive experiments.
First observation of the high mass muon pairs in hadron collisions - prototype of the experiments which lead to the discovery of the J /(1S) (Ting) and (1S) (Herb) as well as "Drell-Yan'' analyses of quark structure functions.
First experimental indication of the rising total hadronic cross sections.