Chronology of Milestone Events in Particle Physics - CHEW 1956
Chronology of Milestone Events in Particle Physics

CHEW 1956

Chew, G.F.; Low, F.E.;
Effective-Range Approach to the Low-Energy p-Wave Pion-Nucleon Interaction
Phys. Rev. 101 (1956) 1570;

The theory of p-wave pion-nucleon scattering is reexamined using the formalism recently proposed by one of the authors (F.E.L.). On the basis of the cut-off Yukawa theory without nuclear recoil it is found, for not too high values of the coupling constant, that:
(a) For each p-wave phase shift a certain function of the cotangent should be approximately linear at low energies and should extrapolate to the Born approximation at zero total energy. The value of the renormalized unrationalized coupling constant determined in this way from experiment is f2 = 0.08. A special feature of the predicted energy dependence of the phase shifts is that 33 is positive and the other p phase shifts are negative.
(b) The so-called "crossing theorem'' requires a relation between the four p phase shifts, so that in addition to the coupling constant only two further constants are needed to completely specify the low-energy behavior.
(c) The direction of the energy variation in the (3,3) state is such that a resonance will occur for a sufficiently large cut-off max. Rough estimates indicate that max ~ 6 will produce a resonance at the energy required by experiment.
It is argued that the results (a) and (b) are very probably also consequences of a relativistic theory but that (c) may not be.

Related references
See also
G. F. Chew, Phys. Rev. 94 (1954) 1748;
R. Oehme, Phys. Rev. 100 (1955) 1503;
F. E. Low, Phys. Rev. 97 (1955) 1392;
G. C. Wick, Rev. of Mod. Phys. 27 (1955) 339;
H. Lehmann, K. Symanzik, and W. Zimmermann, Nuovo Cim. 1 (1955) 1;
B. A. Lippmann and J. Schwinger, Phys. Rev. 79 (1950) 469;
P. A. M. Dirac, The Principles of Quantum Mechanics, Oxford University Press, New York (1947) 198;
M. Gell-Mann and M. L. Goldberger, in Proc. VI Annual Rochester Conf. Univ. of Rochester Press, (1954);
N. M. Kroll and M. A. Ruderman, Phys. Rev. 93 (1954) 233;
T. D. Lee, Phys. Rev. 95 (1954) 1329;
L. Castillejo, R. H. Dalitz, and F. J. Dyson, Phys. Rev. 101 (1956) 453;
S. J. Lindenbaum and L. C. L. Yuan, Phys. Rev. 100 (1955) 306;
J. I. Friedman, Lee, and Christian, Phys. Rev. 100 (1955) 1494;
R. Karplus and M. A. Ruderman, Phys. Rev. 98 (1955) 771;
M. L. Goldberger, H. Miyazawa, and R. Oehme, Phys. Rev. 99 (1955) 979;
G. F. Chew, Phys. Rev. 95 (1954) 1699;

Record comments
Static model for the pion-nucleon interaction.
  New Comments List of Comments