Chronology of Milestone Events in Particle Physics - HEISENBERG 1925
Chronology of Milestone Events in Particle Physics

  Nobel prize to W. Heisenberg awarded in 1932 "for the creation of quantum mechanics''  


Heisenberg, W.;
Über quantentheoretische Umdeutung kinematischer und mechanischer Beziehungen / Quantum-Theoretical Re-Interpretation of Kinematic and Mechanical Relations
Z. Phys. 33 (1925) 879;

Reprinted in
W. Heisenberg, Gesammelte Werke / Collected Works, Ed. W. Blum, H. P. Durr, and H. Richenberg, Springer-Verlag, Ser.A, Part I (1985) 382.
(translation into English) Sources of Quantum Mechanics, Ed. B.L. van der Waerden, North Holland, Amsterdam (1967) 261.

The present paper seeks to establish a basis for theoretical quantum mechanics founded exclusively upon relationships between quantities which in principle are observable.
Abstract In this mathematical paper a basis is sought for a quantum system of mechanics, which is founded entirely upon relationships between the principal magnitudes available for observation, since former systems are based on non-observable quantities such as the electronic period. Difficulties arising from the latter conception are briefly discussed. The most important primary hypotheses concerning the new standpoint are to be found in the frequency condition and the work resulting from the Kramers dispersion theory. For the present purpose, however, treatment is limited to problems involving only one degree of freedom. (Science Abstracts, 1925, 45. H. H. Ho.).

Related references
See also
H. A. Kramers, Nature 113 (1924) 673;
M. Born, Z. Phys. 26 (1924) 379;
H. A. Kramers and W. Heisenberg, Z. Phys. 31 (1925) 681;
M. Born and P. Jordan, Z. Phys. 33 (1925) 479;
W. Kuhn, Z. Phys. 33 (1925) 408;
B. A. Kratzer, Sitzungsber. d. Bayr. Akad. (1922) 107;
S. Goudsmit and R. de L. Kronig, Naturw. 13 (1925) 90;
H. Hönl, Z. Phys. 31 (1925) 340;
R. de L. Kronig, Z. Phys. 31 (1925) 885;
A. Sommerfeld and H. Hönl, Sitzungsber. d. Preuss. Akad. d. Wiss. (1925) 141;
H. N.Russell, Nature 115 (1925) 835;
W. Thomas, Naturw. 13 (1925) 627;

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Foundation of quantum mechanics, Heisenberg approach.
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