Chronology of Milestone Events in Particle Physics - KONOPINSKI 1953
Chronology of Milestone Events in Particle Physics


Konopinski, E.J.; Mahmoud, H.M.;
The Universal Fermi Interaction
Phys. Rev. 92 (1953) 1045;

On the basis of the hypothesis that the same form of interaction acts among any spin-1 / 2 particles, it is interesting to apply the interaction law found for decay to the muon processes. The application is beset by two types of ambiguity. The first is due to the uncertainty in measured values of coupling constants, and particularly their signs. The second arises from the various ways in which the correspondence between the particles of and decay may be taken. Arguments are presented that the unique correspondence established if two like neutrinos are ejected in decay is the correct one.
It is argued that previous interpretations of the Universal Fermi Interaction have been unjustifiably broad. Only processes in which two normal particles (vs antiparticles) are annihilated, and two created, should be expected. The positive muon must be treated as the normal-particle (if the neutron, proton and negatron are) in order to avoid the expectation that muon capture by a proton may yield electrons, contrary to experimental facts. The conclusion that two like neutrinos are ejected in decay follows immediately.

Related references
See also
H. M. Mahmoud and E. J. Konopinski, Phys. Rev. 88 (1952) 1266;
J. S. Allen and W. K. Jentschke, Phys. Rev. 89 (1953) 902;
B. M. Rustad and S. L. Ruby, Phys. Rev. 89 (1953) 880;
L. Michel, Phys. Rev. 86 (1952) 814;
A. Petschek and R. E. Marshak, Phys. Rev. 85 (1952) 698;
E. J. Konopinski and L. M. Langer, Ann. Rev. Nucl. Sci. 2 (1952) 261;
O. Klein, Nature 161 (1948) 897;
M. E. Rose, Phys. Rev. 90 (1953) 1123;

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Invention of the concept of lepton quantum number.
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