Chronology of Milestone Events in Particle Physics - LYMAN 1951
Chronology of Milestone Events in Particle Physics

LYMAN 1951

Lyman, E.M.; Hanson, A.O.; Scott, M.B.;
Scattering of 15.7 MeV Electrons by Nuclei
Phys. Rev. 84 (1951) 626;

Electrons removed from the 20 MeV betatron are focused to a 0.08 inch spot about 10 feet from the betatron by a magnetic lens. The electrons impinge on thin foils at the center of a highly evacuated scattering chamber having a diameter of 20 inches. Elastically scattered electrons, selected by a 3 / 8 inch x 2 inch aperture, are focused by means of a 75 magnetic analyzer with 3 percent energy resolution and are detected by coincidence Geiger counters. Corrections are applied for multiple scattering and for energy losses which remove the electrons from the range of energies accepted by the detector arrangement. The scattering cross section for gold at 150 is found to be about 2.6 times that given by Mott's formula in the Born approximation and about one-half of that expected for the scattering by a point nucleus. This result is in good agreement with the calculations for electrons of this energy if the nuclear charge is assumed to be distributed uniformly throughout the nuclear volume.
The results for the scattering from C, Al, Cu, and Ag are also in agreement with the assumption of a uniformly distributed nuclear charge within the uncertainties involved in the theory and the experimental results.

Accelerator ILL-BETATRON Detectors CNTR

Related references
See also
Randels, Chao, and Crane, Phys. Rev. 68 (1945) 64;
R. J. van de Graaff, Buechner, and H. Feshbach, Phys. Rev. 69 (1946) 452;
Buechner, R. J. van de Graaff et al., Phys. Rev. 72 (1947) 678;
F. C. Champion and R. R. Roy, Proc. Roy. Soc. 61 (1948) 532;
W. Siegrist, Helv. Phys. Acta 16 (1943) 471;
Alichanian, Alichanow, and J. Weissenberg, J. Phys. (USSR) 9 (1945) 280;
L. R. B. Elton, Proc. Roy. Soc. 63 (1950) 1115;
W. A. McKinley and H. Feshbach, Phys. Rev. 74 (1948) 1759;
M. E. Rose, Phys. Rev. 73 (1948) 279;
E. M. Lyman, A. O. Hanson, and M. B. Scott, Phys. Rev. 79 (1950) 228;
E. M. Lyman, A. O. Hanson, and M. B. Scott, Phys. Rev. 81 (1951) 309;
L. R. B. Elton, Phys. Rev. 79 (1950) 412;
W. Bothe, Zeit. Naturforschung 4A (1949) 88;

  e nucleus nucleus e 15.7 MeV (Elab) angp
  e C C e 15.7 MeV (Elab) angp
  e Al Al e 15.7 MeV (Elab) angp
  e Cu Cu e 15.7 MeV (Elab) angp
  e Ag Ag e 15.7 MeV (Elab) angp
  e Au Au e 15.7 MeV (Elab) angp

Particles studied
  nucleus mom

Record comments
First results from electron-nuclei scattering experiment.
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