Nobel prize to J. I. Friedman, H. W. Kendall, and R. E. Taylor awarded in 1990 "for their pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics''
Miller, G.; Bloom, E.D.; Buschhorn, G.; Coward, D.H.; de Staebler, H.C.; Drees, J.; Jordan, C.L.; Mo, L.W.; Taylor, R.E.; Friedman, J.I.; Hartmann, G.C.; Kendall, H.W.; Verdier, R.; Inelastic e p Scattering at Large Momentum Transfers and the Inelastic Structure Functions of the Proton
Phys. Rev. D5 (1972) 528;
Differential cross section for electrons scattered inelastically from hydrogen have been measured at 18°, 26°, and 34°. The range of incident energy was 4.5 to 18 GeV, and the range of four-momentum transfer squared was 1.5 to 21 GeV/c2. With the use of these data in conjunction with previously measured data at 68° and 10°, the contributions from the longitudinal and transverse components of the exchanged photon have been separately
determined. The values of the ratio of the photoabsorbtion cross sections S/T are found to lie in the range 0 to 0.5. The question of scaling of 2MpW1 and W2 as a function of is discussed, and scaling is verified for a large kinematic range. Also, a new scaling variable which reduced
to in the Bjorken limit is introduced which extends the scaling region. The behaviour of T and S is also discussed as a function of and q2. Various weighted sum rules of W2 are evaluated.
Related references More (earlier) information appears in D. H. Coward et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 20 (1968) 292;
G. Miller. Ph. D. dissertation preprint SLAC-129 (1970);
More (later) information appears in E. M. Riordan et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 33 (1974) 561;
A. Bodek et al., Phys. Lett. 51B (1974) 417;
A. Bodek et al., Phys. Lett. 52B (1974) 249;
A. Bodek et al., Phys. Rev. D20 (1979) 1471;
J. S. Poucher et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 32 (1974) 118;
E. D. Bloom et al., preprint SLAC-PUB-796 (1970);
A. Bodek et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 30 (1973) 1087;
e p e X
1.5-21 GEV2 (Q2)
Firm establishment of Bjorken scaling behavior.